Pelvic pain is a common gynaecological symptom that can be caused by a range of different conditions. If you are in pain, it is important to see a doctor to find out the cause.
Lotus Klinik gynaecologists can identify and treat any related conditions taht are responsible for pelvic pain.
What Causes Pelvic Pain?
Pelvic pain can be a symptom of many different gynaecological conditions. Possible causes of pelvic pain include:
- An ovarian cyst that has burst, causing sudden pain
- Pelvic inflammatory disease due to an infection
- Endometriosis, when uterine tissue grows outside the womb
- Uterine prolapse, when the womb slips out of its normal position
- Fibroids, which are non-cancerous growths in the uterus
However, pelvic pain can also be associated with other kinds of conditions, such as constipation, peritonitis or appendicitis.
Symptoms of Pelvic Pain
Since pelvic pain can have many different causes, it can appear in different forms:
- Pelvic pain is felt in the area under your belly button and above your thighs
- It can happen suddenly or last for a long time
- The pain can be mild or severe
Depending on the cause of the pelvic pain, it can also be associated with other symptoms. Telling your gynaecologist about these can help her to make the right diagnosis. You might have noticed:
- Changes in your menstrual cycle
- Unusual discharge from your vagina
- Pain in other areas, such as your abdomen or lower back
- Discomfort or bleeding when you have sex
Diagnosing Pelvic Pain
You should see a gynaecologist if you are experiencing pelvic pain, particularly if it is linked with other gynaecological symptoms. However, if the pain is very severe you should go to your nearest A&E as it could be cause by a burst cyst, appendicitis or another issue that requires urgent treatment.
If you visit a gynaecologist because of pelvic pain, your doctor may want to do the following to identify the cause:
- Ask about your symptoms and menstrual cycle
- Perform a gynaecological exam
- Use a colposcope to look at your cervix
- Use a hysteroscope to examine your womb
- Perform a laparoscopy to get a closer look at your reproductive organs
However, sometimes it isn’t possible to identify a gynaecological cause of pelvic pain. Your gynaecologist might recommend seeing a different specialist if there no gynaecological problems can be found.
Treatment for Pelvic Pain
The treatment will depend on the cause of the pelvic pain. You can find out more about the different treatment options for conditions such as endometriosis and fibroids on the relevant pages of this website.
- Medication to relieve pelvic pain and other symptoms
- Medication to tackle the cause of your pelvic pain, for example by shrinking fibroids or eliminating an infection with antibiotics
- Hysteroscopy to check the womb lining and remove growths
- Surgery to remove ovarian cysts, fibroids or other growths that are causing symptoms